A Study of Iron Redox Reactions and Associated Irreversible Damage - Avista Membrane Treatment Solutions
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Technical Papers
March 13, 2018

A Study of Iron Redox Reactions and Associated Irreversible Damage

Reverse osmosis (RO) systems relying on high metal groundwater feed can run for years without membrane cleaning as long as the operating conditions remain anaerobic. However, if an event introduces oxygen into the system, the membranes can rapidly foul and, in some cases, become permanently damaged.

Technical Paper
Study of Iron Redox Reactions and Associated Irreversible Damage
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